Jungnyeong Pass, located 696m above sea level at the dented point that leads to Mt. Sobaek's second Yeonhwabong Peak and Dosolbong Peak
According to Samguk Sagi (History of the Three Kingdoms), Jungnyeonggil Road was opened towards the end of March in the fifth year of King Adalla 's reign (158),and according to Dongguk Yeoji Seungnam (Survey of National Geography of Korea),in the fifth year of King Adalla's reign, Jujuk explored Jungnyeong Road and then died. A shrine was thus built for him at the pass.
The historic Jungnyeong Pass, which was once a part of Goguryeo, during the Three Kingdoms Period, became a fierce battleground where Goguryeo confronted Silla, and where the three kingdoms staged wars. Goguryeo took Jungnyeong at the end of King Jangsuwang's reign (470 A.D.), but in the 12th year of the reign of King Jingheungwang of Silla (551), the king ordered eight generals, including Geo Chil-bu, together with the Baekje troops, to attack Goguryeo. They proceeded to take ten villages north of Jungnyeong. Forty years later, in the first year of King Yeongyangwang’s reign (590 A.D.), Goguryeo’s famous general, Ondal, with the permission of the king, volunteered to lead troops and vowed,“I will not return alive if I could not recover the lost land north of Jungnyeong.” This record (Samguk Sagi) gives a clue to how important Jungnyeong was to them.
Until 1910, the people in various villages in northeastern Gyeongsang-do had to use this road when they traveled to and from Seoul. Especially, the hopeful applicants for the prestigious Gwageo government examination, officials on duty, and merchants carrying various products travelled through this pass all year round, where there were lodging facilities, eateries, and lodging houses equipped with horse stables in various parts of the area.
Jungnyeong Yetgil Road used to be part of southeastern Korea's arterial roads for a long 2,000 years. After the country’s modernization along with the development of transportation, the road was disconnected, leaving it buried in the woods and creepers for dozens of years.
In 1999, Yeongju City restored a one-hour walk (2.5km) — which for 2,000 years connected the Yeongnam inland areas — from Huibangsa Station to Jungnyeong Jumak Lodging Facility, to remember and preserve the historical stories. If you walk on the mountainous road in thick forests where many trees, birds, and squirrels will welcome you, you can feel the traces of the Korean forefathers.